Министерство природных ресурсов и экологии Российской Федерации Пишите нам
Russian (CIS)English (United Kingdom)
  • Дагестанский заповедник
  • Дагестанский заповедник
  • Дагестанский заповедник
  • Дагестанский заповедник
  • Дагестанский заповедник

 Daghestan State Nature Reserve was established in 1987 by the Order No 6 dated 9.01.1987 of the Council of Ministers of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic and comprised two sections – ‘Kizlyar Bay’ and ‘Barchan Sarykum’.

 The Reserve covers a total area of 19,061 ha, of them the section ‘Kizlyar Bay’ occupies 18,485 ha and the section ‘Barchan Sarykum’ is 576 ha. On adjacent lands and waters there are designated buffer zones with a restricted use regime. Their entire area is 21,065 ha including 19,890 ha in Kizlyar Bay and 1,175 ha on Barchan Sarykum.

The Reserve is a conservation, research and eco-educational institution of federal importance with the aim to preserve and study the natural course of natural processes and phenomena, genetic fund of flora and fauna, particular species and communities of plants and animals, typical and unique ecosystems.


Geography Fauna Flora

The section ‘Kizlyar Bay’ of Daghestan Nature Reserve is located in the extreme north-east of Daghestan, between the mouth of the Kuma River and Volchi Canal. The protected area covers marine shallows and a slightly inclined to the sea terrace of the west Caspian coast.


Inventory of flora and fauna of the Reserve is not completed. Presently, in two sections of Daghestan Nature Reserve and adjacent areas there are recorded 40 species of mammals, over 250 species of birds (of them more than 140 breed there), 21 species of reptiles, 4 species of amphibians, 70 species and subspecies of fish, 1 species of cyclostomes. The invertebrate fauna is poorly studied. Flora of the Reserve is composed of near 450 species of higher plants


The water area of the bay is rich in aquatic vegetation, and on its shores there can found all the succession stages of vegetation formations: from coastal plavni, meadow -marshy and meadow-saline to semi-desert and desert formations.


Protection Research activity Eco-education


Protection of natural complexes and objects in the Reserve is provided by the special state inspection for the protection of the territory of the state nature reserve, which workers are included in the Reserve staff. Today, the Protection Service of the Reserve consists of 32 full-time employees (state inspectors).



Research activities in the Reserve is focused at studying natural systems and long-term monitoring of dynamics of natural processes to assess and forecast environmental conditions, developing scientific bases of nature protection, conserving biological diversity of the biosphere, reproducing natural resources and their sustainable use.


In 2010, in secondary schools, located near the Sarykum section of the Reserve, there were created and continued successful work such ecological clubs as ‘Topolenok’ and ‘Sarykum’. Thematic stands were designed or updated. The Reserve participated in the ecological awareness and nature conservation action ‘March for Parks’.


Reserve history


History of the Reserve

Since the early 1920s, the scientific community and newly arrived researchers in Daghestan shared opinion about the need to establish protected areas in the lower reaches of the rivers Samur, Sulak and Terek, as well as on Gunibskoye Plateau in the intra-mountain Daghestan. It resulted in organization of Samurski and Porabochevski Zakazniks.

Later, in the second half of the 20th century, the following territories were proposed as prior to give a protected status: Agrakhanski Bay, Samurski Forest, Barchan Sarykum and highlands of the Greater Caucasus Range near Mount Guton on the border with Georgia and Azerbaijan.

Long-term debates on Samurski Forest resulted not in favor for supporters of the reserve. Here, in 1982, was organized the federal zakaznik ‘Samurski’. Further, Agrakhanski Bay was subjected to strong anthropogenic transformation, and finally, in 1983, only its northern part was declared as a zakaznik of federal importance. On the Guton site (planned as a reserve in 1986) Tlyaratinski Zakaznik was created. Gunibskoye Plateau only in 2006 acquired the status of a strictly protected area of regional importance, and there was created the natural park ‘Upper Gunib’.



Открытый урок «Берегите землю» в Бабаюртовской СОШ им А.А. Арзулумова

There are no translations available.На днях, сотрудники заповедника «Дагестанский» по приглашению учителя географии Алиевой И.Г. и в...

Подведены итоги конкурса "Проба пера"

There are no translations available.Дорогие друзья! Подведены итоги конкурса. Поздравляем победителей! "Проба пера" I место Амаров...

Поздравляем с Днем заповедников и национальных парков

There are no translations available.Заповедной системе в России в 2016 году исполнится сто лет. По инициативе Центра охраны дикой природы...

Все новости


Фотоконкурс «Животный мир заповедного Дагестана»

There are no translations available.Заповедник "Дагестанский" совместно с Республиканским эколого-биологическим центром учащихся...

Объявлены конкурсы "Остров детской фантазии " и "Проба пера"

There are no translations available.Заповедник "Дагестанский" совместно с Республиканским эколого-биологическим центром учащихся 15...

Научно-практическая конференция школьников "Моя заповедная земля, экология и я!"

There are no translations available.14 ноября 2014 года государственный природный заповедник "Дагестанский" совместно с Республиканским...

Все объявления

Did you know?

znaeteSarykum is the largest sand dune, or barchan, not only in Russia but throughout the continent of Eurasia. Its absolute altitude is 262 m.

Sarykum is the only place in Daghestan where for five months, from May to September, average monthly temperatures exceed 20°C. At the foot of the barchan it is recorded the absolute maximum temperature for Daghestan which is equal to 42.5°C. It is due to strong heating of the barchan sand surface. In summer on exposed southern slopes the surface temperature reaches 55-60°C. Already in April, the temperature of the sand in the daytime exceeds 30°C.

© Заповедник "Дагестанский", 2015. Контактный телефон: +7 (8722) 62-85-07     Email: info@dagzapoved.ru
Создание сайта - студия "Нирис"

Natural treasures

of Daghestan

Fauna of Daghestan invertebrates counts almost 80 species and subspecies of fish, 8 species of amphibians, 39 species of reptiles, more than 350 bird species and 92 species of birds.


Read more